Friday, January 15, 2010
After meeting with Leigh Anne Aaron and Debbie Phillips at the cooperative extension in Danielsville, I understood Professor Thomas’s mantra “Every story is a health story.”
The poverty rate in Madison County is in line with national averages, which are 13-17% at any given time. But when Leigh Anne looked up the rate for me in the 2009 Georgia County Guide, Debbie said “Is that all?” They must see a lot of poverty. Over the next hour and a half, Leigh Anne and Debbie shared with me the struggles of the rural poor that they have witnessed through their work at the cooperative extension.
I saw that every story about the poor is a health story because being poor means doing without and what the poor do without is some of the basic necessities of good health. And they aren’t the necessities of good health that I might have thought of right away, like health insurance. It’s not just lack of money; it’s lack of intangible things, mainly information, which have a major impact on health. And they lack access to tangible things as well. In Madison County, those tangible things are hospitals, public transportation and sidewalks. So being a car-less resident of Madison Co. might make getting to a doctor’s appointment simply impossible. This may lead to not seeking medical care at all, and the cycle goes on and on.
Beth Heath, the county nurse manager, told me that while clients can see a nurse for free at the health department, if they need a doctor, the nearest free doctor is at Mercy Clinic in Athens. All the doctors there are volunteers and wait times for an appointment average about two weeks. The wait time combined with the hurdle of transportation makes it likely that health department clients will just leave their problems untreated if they can’t be resolved by a nurse.
This cycle is compounded by the fact that some of the poor of Madison Co. are forced to choose between resources that could help them improve their situation and social services that they need urgently. Debbie said that some social services in the area use cell phone ownership and Internet subscriptions as indicators of someone’s not being “poor enough” to get assistance.
A number of programs available to the needy in Madison County illuminate specific needs of the residents and also story ideas.
Leigh Anne holds a grant position for energy education. She educates natural gas consumers on ways to save money and on resources available for assistance in paying heating bills. She says people lose their heat every year – many of whom were unaware of resources or protective laws. Leigh Anne has visited homes heated by conventional ovens or camp stoves, i.e. an open flame burning atop a tank of gas. The Obama administration announced in January that it is releasing $50 billion dollars in federal money to LIHEAP (Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program), $19 million of which has been allocated to the state of GA.
Teenage pregnancy is also an issue in the county. Teen mothers are so prevalent in the county that a support group meets after school at the high school. Some participants are pregnant; others are already mothers. The group is run by a volunteer – a Jackson EMC employee – who was a teen mother herself. She brings in speakers (doctors, nurses, health educators) to educate the girls on nutrition, pre-natal care, breast feeding, etc. Nancy Bridges, the cooperative extension’s family and consumer services agent for Madison Co., has given nutrition workshops for this group.
The county has just gotten a Teen Matters Clinic. Its presence illustrates the need for sexual education for teens, reproductive healthcare and access to contraceptives.
The health department also runs the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Coalition, a program that trains parents to hosts “parties” for other parents of teens, and at these parties, the host teaches the guests effective ways to teach their children about pregnancy prevention within the framework of their own beliefs and values, be they Christian-based abstinence or something else.
Finally, hunger is an issue in Madison Co., and this is apparent in the presence of several charitable programs that get food to the needy, such as Angel Food Ministries (monthly in Madison) and the USDA’s quarterly commodities drop-off. I’d like to go to a commodities drop-off if one falls during this semester – if not an Angel Food Ministries pick-up – and report on the people who use these services. I’d like to put a real face on hunger in our area. I think hunger is too often associated only with people in very far away places, and I think a story about who is hungry in our area (and why) would be illuminating.
I recognize that an obstacle to all of my story ideas is that I would like to meet people who may feel some shame about their situations: the poor who cannot pay for their heat, the hungry, and teen mothers. I’ll get a lot of practice on this beat in gaining the trust of my sources.